Read for Pleasure

Page 7

Some hints.

  1. It is a sunflower. Its peculiarity is that it turns as the sun moves. It is generally yellow, copper, red, brown, orange and bi-coloured. Oil is pressed out of its seeds. The oil obtained is used in cooking.
  2. It is an attache case or a briefcase. Usually it is rectangular. Important papers, files and documents are specially carried in it. It is generally used by  businessmen, diplomats and secretaries. It is lightweight when empty and not very heavy to carry, even with papers in it. It locks using a personal number combination.
  3. We call it a keychain. One would keep it in one’s purse or pocket.There are keys dangling from the circle. Yes, at times it can be easily lost in a crowd. It can be misplaced at home among other things or slip out of one’s pocket while sitting or taking out a handkerchief. The new device is a whistle which you blow and a sound emits from the key chain and you can zero in on it.
  4. It is a truck. It is used for transporting goods etc.It is also called a lorry or a carrier.  They come in light, medium or heavy sizes. It is useful for companies in the goods transporting business. It runs on diesel. We would call him a truck driver, a truckie or a teamster. It can have upto 18 wheels. A company that transports goods or people from one place to another is called a carrier.
  5. The animal in the picture is called a camel. It is pulling a cart. It can be used effectively in a desert or sandy places. It is called the ship of the desert. It drinks 200 litres of water in three minutes and stores it in the fatty tissue in its hump to use as a source of nourishment. Its feet are large leathery pads with two toes and keeps it from sinking in the sand. The raised part of its body is called a hump.
  6. It is called a burger. One would like to have it when hungry morning, afternoon or night. Yes, it is easily made. It is not very costly. Yes, I would love to eat it. It consists of a bun with some vegetables, cheese, a patties and sauce in between the two pieces of the bun. Yes, one can have it on the go or even while sitting at a desk busy working.
  7. It is a crab. It has five pairs of legs. It lives on land and in water. It moves sideways. It can grab your finger with its claws and thus bite you. Yes, one can eat it as crab curry. The top covering is its shell. It is classified as a decaped crustacean scientifically. The zodiac birth sign of Cancer is depicted by it for people born between 21st of June and 23rd of July.
  8. It is called a sofa set. You set it against the wall of a room in your house usually the sitting room or hall. It can seat any number between 1 and 20 depending on the size. They come in small, medium and large sizes. The covering is called upholstery. Depending on our choice they can be affordable or expensive. It is made of wood, foam and leather. The parts are a frame, arms, back, legs and cushions.
  9. It is a bed. You would find it in a bedroom usually. Generally, it is used for sleeping on or resting. They come in single, double, king or queen sizes. The covering is a bed-sheet. The vertical board at the end is called a headboard. There are pillows near the end of the bed.
  10. It’s a sprayer. We use it to spray water or cleaning liquid. We usually fill it with water or other liquids. The contents actually come out in spray form. Generally, it is made of plastic.It is useful for many people for cleaning or setting hair in a parlour for example. It is used for various purposes and is useful for cleaning windows, table tops, kitchen platforms etc.
  11. It’s a bench. It is seen most in open parks, gardens and on footpaths. Generally it is used for sitting. It is made of wood, metal or concrete. It is set in a mould. Yes, you can lie on it. Yes, it generaly is portable unless fixed in parks or grounds.
  12. It is a music system. The different pieces are 1) a record player, 2) a cd player and 3) speakers. It works on electricity. It is used to play music or songs.It depends on the quality whether it is expensive or not. It can be disturbing when played very loudly, especially at night.
  13. It is a watering can. It is generally made of metal or plastic. It is used to water plants. Generally, we would fill it with water. It can be carried by hand by holding the handle. Yes, it has many holes to serve its purpose.
  14. It is called a teapot. We see it more at home or places serving tea a lot. The top is a lid. The thin front part is called a spout. It is usually made of metal, bone china, porcelain. It can hold tea, coffee, milk etc. The back part is its handle.
  15. It’s called bread in general. It is sold in loaves. The whole is called a loaf of bread. The cut pieces are called bread slices. Generally, we eat it with butter, jam, tea. We can make sandwiches with the cut pieces. The phrase that comes to mind while looking at the sliced bread is – be the best thing since sliced bread.
  16. It is a holder. It can hold items like toothbrush, toothpaste or other things in a bathroom for personal hygiene. It is usually made of plastic. We find it mostly in kitchens, bathrooms, on dressing tables, schools, offices.
  17. It is called a swivel chair. It is used to sit on usually in offices. Yes, you can easily turn around in it. We would find it in offices mostly. You would use it with a table.
  18. It is called a stapler, It is used to join lose papers into a bunch. It is part plastic and part metal. It’s filled with stapler pins. They would be seen in homes and offices commonly. A stationers’ shop would sell it. The back part is used to unstaple pins.
  19. It is a bathtub. To take a bath in. It is called a home tub or just tub, or a spa tub. They come in sizes of 5ft X 2.5ft, 3.75ft X 2.5ft, 6ft X 3.5ft. It is useful in that it gives a more relaxing bath. It is made of thermofoam, acrylic, porcelain, enamaled steel, fibreglass, reinforced polyester. You fill it with cold or hot water. It is used to take a long relaxing bath sometimes to bathe a pet also. The amount of room it occupies depends on the size of the tub, but it usually fits into a bathroom. You fill it by plugging the hole and filling it with water. You empty it by unplugging the plug and letting the water flow out.
  20. It is called an electric drill. It works on electricity. It can make round holes. It is used more by a carpenter or an electrician. It is held against an object that we want to make a hole in and by turning the power on and holding it we can drill a hole. The part attached to it is called a drill bit. The black button is called the switch to turn it on or off. It is made of metal and plastic. It is classified as an electric hand tool.

Page 11

  1. muscular
  2. obedient
  3. visionary
  4. resourceful
  5. jealous
  6. grumpy
  7. taciturn
  8. charming
  9. amiable
  10. introvert
  11. gracious
  12. shrewd
  13. persistent
  14. dynamic
  15. extrovert
  16. shy
  17. outspoken
  18. saintly
  19. patriotic
  20. prudent
  21. unpredictable
  22. naughty
  23. touchy
  24. happy-go-lucky
  25. optimist

Page 12

[B]

  1. arrogant, audacious, authoritarian, argumentative.
  2. bizzare, boyish, battling, baritone, barmy
  3. calm, confident, capricious, cagy, canny
  4. daring, dauntless, dashing, daredevil
  5. extrovert, eccentric, ecstatic, edgy, educated
  6. friendly, famous, fair, fanatical, faithful, frantic
  7. gallant, genteel, genial, glum, girlish, glowing
  8. healthy, happy, hardened, hard working
  9. impulsive, imperfect, introvert, inactive, innocent
  10. joyful, jealous, jerk, jerky, jolly, jovial, jocund
  11. kind, knightly, keen, killer, kind-hearted, kingly
  12. loving, lanky, lackdaisical, lacklustre, lamentable, lenient, languid, lax
  13. motivating, mild, modest, meek, mad, mature, mean
  14. negative, no-nonsense, nerd
  15. outgoing, obedient, obsessive, optimistic, open, obliging, opinionated, offensive
  16. perfectionist, peaceful, proud, practical, polite
  17. queenlike, quixotic, quarrelsome
  18. responsible, radical, rude, rich, rustic, realistic, rueful
  19. stressed, serene, self-centred, snobby
  20. truthful, tolerant, terrific, tranquil, talented
  21. understanding, uptight, unagitated
  22. vain, vogue, vivacious, valiant, versatile, vigilant, vile
  23. wise, wild, whimsical, watchful
  24. xenophobic
  25. young, yellow, yeilding, youthful 
  26. zealous, zestful, zealot, zionist

 

Page 17

[B]

  1. I am at home today because it’s a holiday.
  2. Though the movie is a hit, the theatres are not full.
  3. In spite of the difficulties, I enjoy climbing.
  4. She can dance and sing.
  5. I shouted loudly but he didn’t hear me.
  6. Although she is beautiful, she did not win the beauty contest.
  7. You can start eating now otherwise the food will get cold.
  8. You should leave now for it is late.
  9. He likes neither tea nor coffee.
  10. We stopped shopping after we had spent all the money.
  11. If you start early, you will get there early.
  12. Even though I have a car, I don’t use it much.
  13. Don’t move till I tell you.

Page 18

  1. Take your medicine before you go out.
  2. You will fail unless you work hard.
  3. Upon returning I found everything as it was before I left home.
  4. They married despite their differences.
  5. I know the place where she works.
  6. While I was waiting for a bus, I met an old friend.
  7. She was cooking when I arrived home.
  8. He didn’t come since he wasn’t invited.

[C]

  1. He was ill therefore he didn’t go to his office.
  2. She took part in the competetion but she didn’t win.
  3. When he came, I was writing a letter.
  4. Do your work as your teacher instructs.
  5. Drive carefully otherwise you will meet with an accident.

Page 19

  1. Neither he nor his sister can speak English.
  2. Either she or her assistant will come.
  3. They couldn’t beat their rival team though they played well.
  4. I know a shop where latest books are available.
  5. I know a teacher who knows many languages.
  6. I know why he is absent from class today.
  7. I know whose purse this is.

Page 21

  1. wakes up
  2. is cooking
  3. has been reading
  4. have seen
  5. Have, been
  6. goes
  7. is studying
  8. has been working
  9. has, left
  10. prays
  11. listens
  12. have been preparing
  13. loves
  14. has seen
  15. has been writing
  16. is taking
  17. has been working
  18. plays

Page 23

  1. came
  2. had been working
  3. had waited/ had been waiting
  4. fell off, broke
  5. had, left
  6. baked
  7. was sleeping
  8. were arguing, were sleeping
  9. had called
  10. was ironing
  11. wrote
  12. had jogged
  13. scolded
  14. was painting
  15. left
  16. cooked
  17. had been reading
  18. had washed

Page 25

  1. will call
  2. will, have gone
  3. will be watching
  4. willl be
  5. will have travelled/ will have been travelling
  6. will pay
  7. will be flying
  8. wil have been teaching
  9. will, have left
  10. will have retired
  11. will be getting
  12. will have been reading
  13. will have been playing
  14. will water
  15. will come
  16. will have gone
  17. will be cooking
  18. will get

Page 28

  1. have, renovated
  2. get it done
  3. have it recorded
  4. have your servants clean
  5. got it fixed
  6. make them cry
  7. has a servant cook
  8. get them replaced
  9. have them washed
  10. have it repaired
  11. get my sister to bake
  12. get it trimmed
  13. have it repainted
  14. makes us practise

Page 32 

set 1

  1. must
  2. might
  3. may
  4. should
  5. Can
  6. needn’t

Page 33

  1. Would
  2. could
  3. ought to
  4. can’t

Set 2

  1. should
  2. might
  3. needn’t
  4. must
  5. couldn’t
  6. would
  7. needn’t
  8. must
  9. must
  10. can’t

Page 43

  1. ... I will tell him.
  2. ... you want.
  3. ... I would fly.
  4. ... you miss the bus?
  5. ...  you could go back in time? / ... you saw a ghost?
  6. ... you had won a large sum of money?
  7. ... they had a few more balls to play.
  8. ... you wouldn’t get a replacement.
  9. ... they couldn’t have performed well.
  10. ... you won a free air ticket.
  11. ... I would have fallen in the hole.
  12. ... I would certainly tell you.

 

Page 49

  1. The picture is of a stout man with afro hair. He has a pot belly, thin legs a long moustache, round eyes and a round face.

  2. The picture is of a European lady, wearing a soft Victorian fascinator. She has shoulder-length hair, thick eyelashes, and thin eyebrows.

  3. The picture is of a teenaged girl. She has dishevelled / unkempt / untidy long hair which is blowing in the wind. She has a long face, dark complexion and white teeth. She is wearing a sleeveless dress.

  4. The picture is of a young boy with spiky hair, small eyes, and a wide smile. He is wearing a T-shirt and shorts. He is playing with a yo-yo.

  5. The picture is of a lady with long, wavy, layered hair. She has a broad smile, thick lips, a square jaw, large eyes and thin eyebrows.

  6. The picture is of a child who has almost no hair. He is jumping with joy with raised arms. He has a round face and small eyes.

  7. The picture is of a neatly-dressed child, with thick black short / cropped hair. He has chubby cheeks, round eyes. He is wearing a pair of shorts.

  8. The picture is of a middle-aged person, with receding hair, thin lips, a sparse beard and a goatee. He is dressed in a coat and a tie. He is bespectacled.

Page 53

Set 1

  1. eat out.
  2. broken down
  3. cut down on
  4. dropped out of
  5. get by
  6. brought up
  7. call off

Set 2

  1. made up
  2. left out
  3. give away
  4. kept on
  5. looks down on
  6. look over
  7. got rid of

Set 3

  1. pointed out
  2. passed out
  3. threw away
  4. run out of
  5. put on
  6. showing off
  7. turned down

Page 62

Set 1

  1. sensible
  2. bored
  3. native
  4. candid
  5. condemned
  6. generous
  7. whisper

Page 63

Set 2

  1. genuine
  2. repulsive
  3. wild
  4. war
  5. loss
  6. private
  7. complex

Set 3

  1. wet
  2. proud
  3. learned
  4. feeble
  5. tight
  6. scarce
  7. found

Set 4

  1. fragile
  2. prohibited
  3. appear
  4. gloomy
  5. extingush
  6. slavery
  7. accepted

Page 65

[C] 

  1. strike
  2. pay
  3. make
  4. cast
  5. achieve
  6. give
  7. find
  8. learn
  9. tell
  10. give
  11. make
  12. throw
  13. declare
  14. make
  15. make
  16. apply
  17. make
  18. do
  19. get
  20. do

Page 66

  1. do
  2. have
  3. make
  4. make/hinder
  5. be/get
  6. bestow
  7. do
  8. do
  9. save/spend
  10. cause

Page 67

Set 1

  1. flagrant
  2. bizzare
  3. foregone
  4. confirmed
  5. crushing
  6. grave
  7. feeble
  8. vicious

Set 2

  1. ancient
  2. powerful
  3. moot
  4. prolific
  5. melliflous
  6. strict
  7. narrow
  8. resounding

Page 68  

Set 3

  1. dormant
  2. voracious
  3. estranged
  4. bitterly
  5. dogged
  6. abject
  7. boundless
  8. tall

Set 4

  1. illicit
  2. croaky
  3. heavy
  4. desolate
  5. ulterior
  6. sheer
  7. blatant
  8. revolutionary

Page 69

Set 5

  1. gloomy
  2. melodious
  3. petty
  4. parched
  5. family
  6. flammable
  7. mean
  8. sobering

Set 6

  1. baffling
  2. dishevelled
  3. rough
  4. unwritten
  5. tenacious
  6. innovative
  7. roaring
  8. vested

Page 75

 Set 1

  1. g
  2. d
  3. b
  4. e
  5. c
  6. a
  7. f

Set 2

  1. e
  2. d
  3. f
  4. a
  5. c
  6. g
  7. d

Set 3

  1. e
  2. c
  3. a
  4. b
  5. d
  6. g
  7. f

Page 76

Set 4

  1. c
  2. d
  3. b
  4. g
  5. f
  6. e
  7. a

Set 5

  1. d
  2. c
  3. e
  4. b
  5. a
  6. g
  7. f

Set 6

  1. e
  2. a
  3. g
  4. c
  5. f
  6. b
  7. d

Page 77

  1. ... than never
  2. ... a silver lining
  3. ... kicking
  4. ... a small pond
  5. ... off a log
  6. ... by crook
  7. ... as a bat
  8. ... than sorry
  9. ... or high water
  10. ... and a leg
  11. ... in the sand
  12. ... nine
  13. ... into place
  14. ... that feeds you
  15. ... start to ring

Page 78

  1. ... down the hatches
  2. ... square one
  3. ... of down
  4. ... best behaviour
  5. ... sliced bread
  6. ... come home
  7. ... no action
  8. ... worth two in the bush
  9. ... weakest link
  10. ... crack a nut
  11. ... the nines
  12. ... of its own
  13. ... ball game
  14. ... of none
  15. ... saves nine
  16. ... a sigh of relief

Page 79

  1. ... in the book
  2. ... down memory lane
  3. ... the nose
  4. ... sore eyes
  5. ... the wind
  6. ... of a doubt
  7. ... than his bite
  8. ... better judgement
  9. ... the sun shines
  10. ... rag to a bull
  11. ... before the horse
  12. ... don’t fix it
  13. ... crumbles
  14. ... bed-post

Key to English Ahead

Page-7

  1. a bat
  2. a table
  3. a pair of scissors
  4. a car
  5. a kittle
  6. a cow
  7. a piano
  8. a dog
  9. a spider
  10. a pen
  11. a knife
  12. a cap
  13. a camel
  14. a chess board
  15. a camera
  16. thumbs up sign
  17. a hammer
  18. an owl
  19. a tractor
  20. a corn
  21. a rabbit
  22. an egg
  23. a house
  24. an aeroplane
  25. a lion
  26. an apple
  27. a bicycle
  28. a cat
  29. a yacht
  30. an eagle

 

Page-8

[B]

  1. a bat
  2. an owl
  3. a car
  4. an egg
  5. an eagle
  6. a corn
  7. a table
  8. a chess board
  9. a knife
  10. a tractor
  11. a cat
  12. a cow
  13. a rabbit
  14. a lion
  15. a kettle
  16. a cap
  17. a spider
  18. an apple
  19. a dog
  20. an aeroplane
  21. an igloo
  22. a hammer
  23. a thumbs up
  24. a house
  25. a piano
  26. a bicycle
  27. a boat
  28. a camera
  29. a pair of scissors
  30. a pen

Page-12

[A]

  1. Payal Dalal
  2. Ravi Patil
  3. Ravi Patil
  4. Urvi Desai
  5. Jayesh Patel
  6. Urvi Desai
  7. Ravi Patil
  8. Jayesh Patel
  9. Ravi Patil
  10. Tanay Joshi
  11. Jayesh Patel
  12. Urvi Desai
  13. Tanay Joshi
  14. Payal Dalal
  15. Pankti Shah

Page-13

[B]

  1. My friend’s name is Urvi Desai. She is 24. She lives at 67, Sai Leela Society, P.R. Madhav Road, Laskana, Vapi. She has an LLB. She works as an advocate. Her hobbies are watching TV and playing cricket. Her father’s name is Raman Desai. He is a clerk. Her mother’s name is Kusum Desai. She is self-employed. She has no brother or sister.
  2. My friend’s name is Payal Dalal. She is 15. She lives at 15, Rameshwar Bungalows, Gopi Nagar, Behind Ram Mandir, Gangadhara, She is a student of standard 10. Her hobbies are making friends and reading. Her father’s name is Ashok Dalal. He is a farmer. Her mother’s name is Reva Dalal. She is a housewife. She has a brother and no sister.

Page-14

  1. My friend’s name is Jayesh Patel. He is 37. He lives at 70, Vrundavan society, Near Hanuman Chokdi, M. S. Road, Dahod. His qualification is BSc. He is a technician. His hobbies are writing and collecting stamps. His father’s name is Deepak Patel. He is a doctor. His mother’s name is Dipti Patel. She is a secretary. He has a brother and a sister.
  2. My friend’s name is Tanay Joshi. He is 25. He lives at 6, Shivam Apartments, Nanpura, Surat. His qualification is BCom and BEd. He is a teacher. His hobbies are reading and bird watching. His father’s name is Suresh Joshi. He is a builder. His mother’s name is Sapna Joshi. She is a nurse. He has no brother but he has a sister.
  3. My friend’s name is Ravi Patil. He is 32. He lives at 5/7, Pink Park, C. G. Road, Mehsana. His qualification is ME. He is a technical assistant. His hobbies are travelling and singing. His father’s name is Harshad Patil. He is a Jeweller. His mother’s name is Rekha Patil. She is a clerk. He has no brother and sister.

Page-17

[C]

  1. Instruction
  2. Request
  3. Order
  4. Warning
  5. Advice
  6. Encouragement
  7. Encouragement / Sympathy
  8. Request
  9. Warning
  10. Warning/Order
  11. Request

Page-18

[B]

  1. There is a white board on the front wall.
  2. There are 15 chairs in the classroom.
  3. There is an air conditioner.
  4. There is a ceiling fan.
  5. There is an office near the entrance.
  6. There are two fire extinguishers on a wall.
  7. There are two doors.
  8. There are white coloured tiles on the floor.
  9. It is an airy classroom. There is enough ventilation.
  10. There are brightly painted walls.
  11. There is a projector.
  12. There is a loud speaker.

Page-19

[F]

Set 1

  1. expensive
  2. evil
  3. safe
  4. dangerous
  5. tiresome
  6. interesting
  7. impossible

Page-20

Set 2

  1. comfortable
  2. rude
  3. sufficient
  4. best
  5. cruel
  6. wonderful
  7. risky

[G]

  1. In the first row from the left, there is a flower vase.
  2. There is a palm tree between a flower vase and a chair.
  3. There is a sofa near the chair.
  4. In the first row, in the right corner, there is a kitten.
  5. There is a chair between a palm tree and a sofa.
  6. In the second row from the left, there is a stack of three books.
  7. There is a mop near the table.
  8. There is a table in the middle of the second row.
  9. There are two flowers and a bud with some leaves on a small stem.
  10. In the second row, in the right corner, there is a boy lying on the floor playing a computer game.

Page-21

[A]

  1. laughing
  2. crying
  3. singing
  4. thinking
  5. reading
  6. skipping
  7. running
  8. dancing
  9. swimming
  10. riding

[B]

  1. makes
  2. cooks
  3. repairs
  4. swims
  5. teaches

Page-22

[C]

  1. e
  2. f
  3. a
  4. g
  5. b
  6. c
  7. d

[D]

  1. always
  2. never
  3. usually
  4. usually
  5. never
  6. sometimes
  7. never
  8. always
  9. sometimes
  10. sometimes
  11. sometimes
  12. never
  13. frequently
  14. always

Page-23

[E]

  1. doesn’t operate
  2. doesn’t paint
  3. don’t eat
  4. don’t speak

Page-25

[C]

  1. When does Hiren go to school?
  2. Where does the sun rise?
  3. How many books does he read in a month?
  4. What does your uncle sell?
  5. How long does Neha teach daily?
  6. Why does Rahil return home late in the evening?
  7. How much do they spend on transport?
  8. How far does he live from here?
  9. Why doesn’t he believe in God?
  10. Which newspaper does he read?
  11. How does he solve problems?

Page-26

[D]

  1. When does he get up?
  2. How does he get ready?
  3. What time does he go to work?
  4. What time does he reach his office?
  5. What time does he take lunch?
  6. What time does he start work again?
  7. What time does his office close?
  8. What time does he return home?
  9. What does he do for a while?
  10. How much time does he spend with his children?
  11. How does he help his children?
  12. Who does he take dinner with?
  13. How long does he watch television?
  14. What time does he go to bed?

Page-28

[B]

  1. Neha opened the gift box last week.
  2. Sunil visited the doctor yesterday.
  3. Shivam read a letter last night.
  4. She visited the temple this morning.
  5. He met his mother in her office last week.
  6. She wrote a novel in 1995.
  7. She saw the Taj Mahal at the age of 9.

Page-29

[C]

  1. didn’t drink
  2. didn’t write
  3. didn’t understand
  4. didn’t buy
  5. didn’t tell
  6. didn’t get
  7. didn’t buy
  8. didn’t fix
  9. didn’t find

[D]

  1. I played cricket.
  2. I didn’t sing a song.
  3. I wrote a letter.
  4. I ate pizza.
  5. I watched a movie.
  6. I did homework.
  7. I didn’t make a mistake.
  8. I browsed the Internet.
  9. I read a story.

Page-30

[B]

  1. Why did they come late this morning?
  2. How many books did your friend buy last Monday?
  3. What did your brother gift you on your birthday?
  4. How often did she visit her aunt last year?
  5. When did he arrive here?
  6. Where did you live two years ago?
  7. What time did he close his shop yesterday?
  8. What time did you wake up this morning?
  9. How did you go to work last week?
  10. When did it start raining?

Page-31

[C]

  1. What movie did you watch? Where did you watch it? When did you watch it? Who are the actors? Why did you watch this particular movie? Did you like the movie? Did anyone else like the movie? What was the price of the tickets? What was the story? Who told you to watch it? Where did you sit? Who else was with you?
  2. Why did you visit it? Who did you visit it with? What time were you there? When is the best time to visit it? Which is the best way to get there? What did you like about it? What is it a part of? When was it built? Who built it?
  3. What variety of foods were there? Was the food tasty? How did you feel while eating? What place was it? Who else attended it? What time did it start and finish? Who hosted the party? Who did you go with? What was the celebration? Which food did you like the most?
  4. Where was the competition held? Who organized it? What was the name of the organization? What were the other medals? Who distributed the prizes? Who was your opponent? What will you do now? How did you celebrate the win? How long have you been playing chess? Were you happy? What would you like to win next? Where have you kept the medal?

Page-33

[B]

  1. Did, attend
  2. has written
  3. heard
  4. has seen
  5. has won
  6. Did, meet
  7. Has, told
  8. cooked
  9. has tasted

Page-34

[C]

  1. for
  2. since
  3. for
  4. since
  5. since
  6. for
  7. since
  8. since
  9. for

[D]

  1. just
  2. yet
  3. already
  4. already
  5. yet
  6. yet
  7. already
  8. already
  9. already

Page-35

[F]

  1. rode
  2. wrote
  3. bit
  4. blew
  5. chose
  6. ate
  7. planted
  8. rang
  9. did

Page-37

[C]

  1. has driven
  2. has been raining
  3. have been watching
  4. has been talking
  5. have lost
  6. have drunk
  7. have been waiting

Page-38

[B]

  1. d
  2. c
  3. e
  4. a
  5. b

[C]   

  1. had finished (earlier), came
  2. had died (earlier), came
  3. had finished (earlier), came
  4. had finished (earlier), called
  5. had reached ((earlier), got

Page-39

[D]   Suggested answers:

  1. She had done her homework before she watched TV.
  2. Mom had finished working before father came home.
  3. I had visited the zoo before I visited the museum.
  4. We had gone to Mumbai before we went to Delhi.
  5. I had eaten dinner before I ate dessert.

[E]   

  1. had been teaching
  2. had been waiting
  3. had been snowing
  4. had been suffering

[F]

  1. ...shopping for two hours.
  2. ...had been making a cake for an hour.
  3. ...she had been dancing for an hour.

Page-40

[B]

Reena will get up at six a.m. tomorrow.She will brush her teeth. She will perform yoga and do some exercises for an hour. Then she will drink a glass of juice. She will take a bath and get ready for her class. She will ride a bicycle and reach her class at 8. She will study there till 12 in the afternoon. She will go home and have lunch. She will rest for an hour. Then she will do her homework till 5. She won’t waste her time gossiping. She wil help her mother with the household chores for half an hour. They will have dinner at 8:30 and then watch TV for an hour. She will go to bed at 10.

Page-41

[C]

  1. I think Anushree will win a medal.
  2. I don’t think Prashant will pass the test.
  3. Do you think she will accept your proposal?
  4. …Lina will go to Mumbai.
  5. …they will be able to come here today.
  6. …Mona will perform nicely?
  7. …Pranav will accept the job offer.
  8. …he will eat bananas.
  9. …Priya will drive the car?
  10. …he will play cricket.
  11. …Ria will draw the picture.
  12. …Ina will attend the function?

Page-42

[D]

  1. …I will be taking a bath.
  2. …I will be going to school.
  3. …I will be studying in school.
  4. …I will be returning home.
  5. …I will be doing my homework.
  6. …I will be having dinner.
  7. …I will be watching TV.
  8. …I will be sleeping.
  9. …I will still be sleeping.

Page-43

[B]

  1. I am going to read this chapter this evening.
  2. I am going to meet my friend this afternoon.
  3. I am going watch a movie tonight.
  4. I am going to the bank today.
  5. I am going to play chess tomorrow.
  6. I am going to go to school tomorrow.

[C]

  1. It is going to rain.
  2. He is going to fail.
  3. She is going to meet with an accident.
  4. He is going to lose all his money.
  5. They are going to face problems.
  6. They are going to miss playing the match.

Page-44

[D]

  1. I am meeting the chairman of our company tomorrow morning at 8.
  2. I am reading a novel this evening.
  3. We are watching a movie coming Sunday.
  4. She is visiting her relatives next week.
  5. I am meeting the tenants next week.
  6. She is buying a dress this afternoon.

[E]

  1. He is to make a presentation on Monday.
  2. They are to submit the report on 31st March next year.
  3. We are to sign the agreement before going abroad.
  4. They are to discuss the details at the meeting.
  5. She is to prepare answers later.
  6. We are to send the final designs on Friday.

Page-51

[B]

  1. couldn’t
  2. may
  3. might
  4. musn’t
  5. wouldn’t
  6. used to
  7. needn’t
  8. ought to
  9. could
  10. May
  11. has to
  12. can
  13. Could
  14. should
  15. may
  16. Would
  17. could
  18. Could
  19. should
  20. needn’t
  21. had better
  22. have to
  23. would
  24. would
  25. needn’t

Page-55

[B]

  1. should
  2. couldn’t
  3. could
  4. would
  5. needn’t
  6. might
  7. must
  8. may
  9. may
  10. shouldn’t
  11. can’t
  12. wouldn’t
  13. needn’t
  14. can’t
  15. must

Page-60

[C]

  1. The guitar is played very well by Ravi.
  2. The police were called by him to investigate the theft of diamonds.
  3. You will be called later by us.
  4. What is being done by you?
  5. It was being discussed by us when she arrived.
  6. He hasn’t been paid any money by them./No money has been paid to him by them.
  7. The kitchen had been cleaned by me before you came.
  8. Cooking will have been finished before 7 p.m.
  9. Money cannot be lent to you by me./You cannot be lent money by me.
  10. I should have been informed by you.
  11. Food is eaten every day by us.
  12. Uniforms are worn by students.
  13. A lot of money is spent on food by us.
  14. His parents were loved very much by him.
  15. Songs were sung by them.
  16. A meal will be cooked by me.
  17. Invitations will be sent out by me.
  18. Clues are being searched for by them.
  19. A house is being painted by a painter.
  20. The shop has been opened by me.
  21. My homework had been finished by me before going to sleep.
  22. My books had been put away by me before the teacher came.
  23. The lights had been switched on by her before the sun set.
  24. The car will have been repaired by the mechanic before they start their journey.
  25. Our books will have been covered by us before school reopens.
  26. Can Japanese be written by you?
  27. Your lessons should have been learnt by you before exams.

Page-61

[D]

  1. Raj’s father gives him 100 rupees every day as pocket money.
  2. He made a mistake.
  3. They will pay the rent tomorrow.
  4. She is baking a cake.
  5. The manager was treating me unfairly so I left the job.
  6. Have they interviewed her?
  7. Who had seen him last?
  8. She will have completed household chores before she goes out.
  9. You shouldn’t give him this job.
  10. They shouldn’t have beaten the children.
  11. She will have taught him English for 60 hours at Fluentlingua.
  12. You shouldn’t have switched on the air-conditioner.
  13. You shouldn’t have told a lie.
  14. The baby drank milk.
  15. The chef cooked diffferent dishes.
  16. He didn’t switch off the lights at night.
  17. I studied History at school.
  18. She didn’t take medicine at night.
  19. A cat ate a mouse.
  20. They will win a cricket match.
  21. The coach will have prepared the players.
  22. I will have posted a letter.
  23. They will attend the program.
  24. He will produce a film.
  25. You should not send him an invitation.
  26. He is driving a car.
  27. I wil have finished my homework by tomorrow morning.

Page-63

[B]

  1. get, repaired
  2. makes, read
  3. have, cleaned
  4. get, greased
  5. make, turn
  6. get, cleaned
  7. made, do
  8. make, study
  9. had, cut
  10. got, to move
  11. gets, cleaned
  12. Have, repaired
  13. got, to iron
  14. made, wait
  15. have, decorated
  16. gets, to help
  17. get, to check
  18. make, finish
  19. got, to go
  20. get, to call
  21. made, stop
  22. get, to come
  23. has, deal
  24. got, published
  25. make, change
  26. make, understand
  27. has, checked
  28. making, lose
  29. get, examined
  30. make, marry

Page-67

[D]

  1. too
  2. enough
  3. enough
  4. too
  5. enough
  6. too
  7. enough
  8. too
  9. enough
  10. too
  11. enough
  12. enough
  13. too
  14. enough
  15. enough
  16. too
  17. enough

Page-68

[B]

  1. ...as fast as Raju.
  2. ...is not as big as China.
  3. ...is not as smart as Gita.
  4. ...is not as sincere as Nazia.

Page-69

[D]

  1. …is larger than any other animal in the world.
    …in the world is as large as the blue whale.
  2. …more intelligent than any other student in my class.
    …student in my class is as intelligent as Falguni.
  3. …richer than any other person in the whole world.
    …person in the whole world is as rich as he.
  4. …prettier than any other girl in our class.
    …girl in our class is as pretty as Manya.

Page-70

[F]

  1. …admired than most other sportspersons in the world.
    …sportspersons in the world are as admired as Sachin.
  2. …more popular than most other singers in the world.
    …singers in the world are as popular as he is.
  3. London is costlier than most other cities in the world.
    …cities in the world are as costly as London.

Page-71

[G]

  1. In picture 1: The elephant is the largest animal.
  2. The elephant is larger than the dog and the cat.
  3. The cat is the smallest animal.
  4. The cat is smaller than the dog and the elephant.
  5. The cat is not as large as the dog.
  6. The dog is not as large as the elephant.
  7. The dog is larger than the cat.
  8. In picture 2: ”a” is one of the largerst cups.
  9. “a” is bigger than most other cups.
  10. Very few cups are as big as “a”.
  11. “i” is the smallest cup of all.
  12. “i” is not as large as other cups.
  13. Cup “d” is larger than cup “i”.
  14. Cups “a”, “b”, “c” are larger than all other cups.

Page-74

[C]

Set 1

  1. call off
  2. fished out
  3. derive, from
  4. carried off
  5. got in
  6. act on
  7. narrowed down
  8. fell behind
  9. make, out

Set 2

  1. idled away
  2. cooked up
  3. keep off
  4. looks after
  5. calls for
  6. rake in
  7. has stirred up
  8. win over
  9. put off

Set 3

  1. do, down
  2. looking for
  3. open up
  4. going through
  5. tell, apart
  6. carried out
  7. throwing up
  8. work out
  9. hinges on

Set 4

  1. cover up
  2. drifted off
  3. shake off
  4. put, away
  5. knocked, out
  6. left, behind
  7. fell apart
  8. ran into
  9. look, up

Page-78

  1. to buy
  2. watching
  3. selling
  4. waking up
  5. walking/to walk
  6. to meet
  7. to be
  8. being
  9. talking
  10. dancing
    Page-79
  11. to do
  12. to murder
  13. to impress
  14. to help
  15. going
  16. paying
  17. to express
  18. to waste
  19. working
  20. to reach
  21. to propose
  22. to break off
  23. spending
  24. to pass
  25. drinking

Page-80

[B]

  1. g
  2. h
  3. f
  4. a
  5. i
  6. c
  7. e
  8. d
  9. b

Page-81

[C]

  1. ...he will get tired./ ...he will get success.
  2. ...don’t force her.
  3. ...they will be happy.
  4. ...don’t mind.
  5. ...they will win.
  6. ...you get lost
  7. ...you don’t complete it.
  8. ...you don’t ask her to help you.
  9. ...you travel by train?
  10. ...she will be upset.
  11. ...you talk rudely.
  12. ...the bus doesn’t come on time.
  13. ...you practise a lot.
  14. ...you don’t invite anyone?
  15. ...they really need it.

Page-82

[B]

  1. c
  2. f
  3. i
  4. a
  5. b
  6. d
  7. h
  8. e
  9. g

Page-83

[C]

  1. ...he wouldn’t score so less.
  2. ...she would come with me.
  3. ...they could do it.
  4. ...she wouldn’t pick up the phone.
  5. ...I would help them.
  6. ...you got lost?
  7. ...you didn’t have servants?
  8. ...I would chirp.
  9. ...behaved so rudely.

Page-84

[B]

  1. d
  2. a
  3. i
  4. g
  5. b
  6. e
  7. f
  8. c
  9. h

Page-85

[C]

  1. ... he woulkn’t have met the deadline.
  2. ... I wouldn’t have told her.
  3. ... the spectators would have been happy.
  4. ... she wouldn’t have been punished.
  5. ... I wouldn’t have got a chocolate.
  6. ... you had broken a rule.
  7. ... you hadn’t forced me.
  8. ... he hadn’t helped.
  9. ... she had been honest.

Page-89

[A]

  1. 15
  2. 39
  3. 46
  4. 24
  5. 66
  6. 55
  7. 52
  8. 32
  9. 18
  10. 42
  11. 30
  12. 67
  13. 33
  14. 50
  15. 1
  16. 51
  17. 21
  18. 9
  19. 69
  20. 34
  21. 17
  22. 54
  23. 64
  24. 4
  25. 60
  26. 31
  27. 49
  28. 35
  29. 38
  30. 11
  31. 26
  32. 8
  33. 13
  34. 20
  35. 28
  36. 65
  37. 56
  38. 29
  39. 2
  40. 70
  41. 45
  42. 10
  43. 53
  44. 47
  45. 41
  46. 3
  47. 44
  48. 72
  49. 27
  50. 14
  51. 16
  52. 7
  53. 43
  54. 22
  55. 6
  56. 37
  57. 62
  58. 59
  59. 58
  60. 25
  61. 68
  62. 57
  63. 71
  64. 23
  65. 36
  66. 5
  67. 12
  68. 61
  69. 19
  70. 40
  71. 63
  72. 48

 

[B]

Set 1

  1. stale
  2. dead
  3. sad
  4. difficult
  5. weak
  6. narrow
  7. thin

Set 2

  1. terrible
  2. ugly
  3. rich
  4. sour
  5. dry
  6. low
  7. spotless

Set 3

  1. repulsive
  2. big
  3. quiet
  4. loose
  5. wrong
  6. outgoing
  7. open

Set 4

  1. interesting
  2. deep
  3. cold
  4. back
  5. ancient
  6. blunt
  7. dirty

Set 5

  1. warm
  2. safe
  3. early
  4. slow
  5. innocent
  6. light
  7. loud

[C] Suggested answers.

She is beautiful but her sister is ugly.

  1. That garden is attractive but the pile of rubbish beside it is repulsive.
  2. Most people alive a 100 years ago would now probably be dead.
  3. Streets are narrow, highways are wide.
  4. A tiger is a cruel animal but a dog is kind.
  5. A rich man may help the poor.
  6. Eight out of your ten answers are right only two are wrong.
  7. A pond is usually shallow whereas an ocean is deep.
  8. One can peddle a bicycle forward and backward.
  9. A cat is small, an elephant is big.

Page-94

[B]

Set 1

  1. achieve
  2. caught
  3. chair
  4. do
  5. got
  6. keep
  7. have

Set 2

  1. bore
  2. keep
  3. had
  4. got
  5. do
  6. go
  7. caught

Set 3

  1. breaks
  2. attend
  3. waste
  4. took
  5. keeps
  6. go
  7. making

Set 4

  1. seek
  2. pay
  3. break
  4. make
  5. dismissed
  6. go
  7. keep

Set 5

  1. get
  2. close
  3. drew
  4. launch
  5. pay
  6. going
  7. taking

Set 6

  1. went
  2. done
  3. get
  4. tells
  5. keep
  6. made
  7. save

Key to English Basics

Page-13

[c]

  1. a basket
  2. water
  3. a river
  4. a projector
  5. a machine
  6. a mobile
  7. television
  8. a bird
  9. an elephant
  10. a charger
  11. a train
  12. a journey
  13. a holiday
  14. an actor
  15. weather
  16. a poem
  17. an instrument
  18. a flower
  19. an envelope
  20. furniture

[D]   

  1. a boy
  2. a girl
  3. a man
  4. a woman
  5. a toy
  6. a dog
  7. a cat
  8. a car
  9. a chair
  10. a ball
  11. a cap
  12. a tree
  13. grass
  14. an ocean
  15. a key

Page-14

[C]

  1. books
  2. apples
  3. keys
  4. muffins
  5. pencils
  6. phones
  7. mugs
  8. knives
  9. teeth
  10. beaches
  11. games
  12. dresses
  13. shoes
  14. notes
  15. oranges
  16. ants
  17. workers
  18. boys

Page-15

[D]

  1. The keys are on the table.
  2. Suman ate sandwiches.
  3. Nita has children.
  4. The shelves are empty.
  5. The little boys are hungry.
  6. Those men are poor.
  7. She wrote poems.
  8. Where are our suitcases?

Page-17

[C]

  1. your
  2. she
  3. Who
  4. this
  5. his
  6. yourself
  7. They
  8. I
  9. her

[D]

  1. my
  2. mine
  3. This
  4. your
  5. They
  6. She
  7. myself
  8. ours
  9. himself

Page-18

[B]

  1. beautiful
  2. small
  3. brilliant
  4. Indian
  5. interesting
  6. old
  7. tasty
  8. salted
  9. historical
  10. honest

[C]

  1. a thick book
  2. a tiny creature
  3. a smiling face
  4. a fat boy
  5. a bald man
  6. a big bungalow
  7. a sad girl
  8. a short lady
  9. a round table                                                                                                    

[D]

  1. an empty cup
  2. a blue pen
  3. a beautiful painting
  4. a starry night
  5. a sporty car
  6. tasty food
  7. a fast train
  8. a wide road
  9. a wild plant

Page-20

[B]              

  1. skipping
  2. cooking
  3. running
  4. exercising
  5. drinking
  6. eating
  7. sleeping
  8. playing
  9. washing
  10. writing
  11. painting
  12. singing

Page-21

[C]

  1. making
  2. paying
  3. reading
  4. buying
  5. kicking
  6. watching
  7. studying
  8. listening
  9. driving

[D]

  1. standing
  2. speaking
  3. switching
  4. growing
  5. adding
  6. learning
  7. walking
  8. waiting
  9. changing

Page-22

[C]    

  1. impatiently
  2. melodiously
  3. hurriedly
  4. kindly
  5. neatly
  6. immediately
  7. regularly
  8. attentively
  9. loudly

Page-23

[D]

  1. Fluently/fast/effectively/well
  2. Gracefully/happily/intently/badly/elegantly
  3. Quickly/roughly/recklessly/fast/slowly
  4. Sadly/reluctantly/furiously/quickly
  5. Powerfully/quickly/perfectly/furiously
  6. Politely/quietly/openly/quickly/jokingly
  7. Daily/happily/punctually/always
  8. Properly/seriously/terribly/thoroughly

Page-25

[D]

  1. are
  2. as
  3. are
  4. is
  5. are
  6. am
  7. is
  8. are
  9. are

Page-27

[D]

  1. was
  2. were
  3. were
  4. was
  5. were
  6. was
  7. were
  8. was
  9. were

[E]

  1. ... was he here?
  2. ... were they late?
  3. ... was he at 10?
  4. ... was on the desk?
  5. ... was a doctor?
  6. ... bag was it?

Page-29

[E]

  1. e
  2. h
  3. d
  4. a
  5. f
  6. b
  7. i
  8. g
  9. c

Page-31

[C]

  1. There, it
  2. There
  3. There, it
  4. There
  5. There, it
  6. There, it
  7. There, it
  8. There, it
  9. There
  10. There, it
  11. There
  12. there
  13. It
  14. There
  15. It
  16. There
  17. It
  18. It
  19. There
  20. It
  21. It
  22. It
  23. It
  24. There

Page-32

[E]    

This is a picture of a small classroom.

There is a large bookshelf with many books.

There is a photo of Mahatma Gandhi on the wall.      

There is a blackboard on the wall with a mathematical formula written on it.

There is a loudspeaker on a stand attached to the wall.

There is a table with a book on it.

There are two desks and chairs.

There are books on the desks.

There is a flower vase on the floor in the right hand corner.

There is a small window in the right wall.

There is a large window in the left wall.

There is a ceiling fan on the ceiling.

It is a neat-looking room.

Page-33

[C]

  1. at
  2. of
  3. on
  4. with
  5. in
  6. about
  7. between
  8. by
  9. within

[D]

  1. at
  2. at
  3. after
  4. behind
  5. with
  6. to
  7. inside
  8. of
  9. near

Page-35

[C]

  1. but
  2. and
  3. but
  4. and
  5. or
  6. or
  7. but
  8. or
  9. and

Page-36

[D]

  1. He loves to play chess but he’s not very good at it.
  2. Pay up now or return the goods.
  3. He had promised to come but he never showed up.
  4. They had a fight last night and they’re no longer friends now.
  5. Hands up or I’ll shoot.
  6. He is rich but he doesn’t help anyone.
  7. You can travel by bus or by train.
  8. She’s committed a crime and now is in jail.
  9. She tried to carry the bag but it was too heavy.

Page-37

[C]

  1. is cooking
  2. is boiling
  3. am eating
  4. are studying
  5. am reading
  6. is making
  7. are going
  8. are running
  9. is teaching

Page-38

[D]

  1. Archana is running.
  2. Mita is sleeping.
  3. Vishwa is reading.
  4. Raju is riding.
  5. Jaya is cooking.
  6. Tejas is skipping.
  7. Nishit is writing.
  8. Dhruvi is dancing.
  9. Parth is eating.

[E]

  1. meeting
  2. swimming
  3. earning
  4. sitting
  5. watching
  6. betting
  7. crying
  8. smiling
  9. playing

Page-39

[C]

  1. Gaurav was playing cricket.
  2. Jalpa was cooking when I reached her home.
  3. The teacher scolded Matt because he wan’t paying attention.
  4. Geeta was dancing at the party.
  5. I was sleeping when you called me.
  6. Krutika was hiding a book.
  7. Was Hemant playing football in the evening?
  8. Were you talking to your brother?
  9. Was Leena knitting a sweater?

Page-40

[D]

  1. was running
  2. was sleeping
  3. were cooking
  4. were, crying
  5. was having
  6. was playing
  7. was working
  8. were fighting
  9. was making
  10. was reading
  11. was cutting
  12. was sleeping
  13. was lying
  14. was teaching
  15. was singing

Page-41

[E]

  1. I was going to school.
  2. I was studying.
  3. I was going home.
  4. I was eating lunch.
  5. I was resting.
  6. I was playing cricket.
  7. I was watching TV.
  8. I was talking with my friends on mobile.
  9. I was sleeping.

Page-43

[C]

  1. I will be cooking when you come home.
  2. We will be sailing in an hour.
  3. Rahul will be sleeping at 1 in the afternoon.
  4. What will you be doing at 5 in the evening?
  5. The exam will be going on on Monday morning.
  6. I will be leaving at nine tomorrow morning.
  7. Vaani will be swimming between 5 and 6.
  8. Kalpana will be playing when you reach her home.
  9. Will you be attending the conference at that time?

[D]

  1. will be studying
  2. will be reaching
  3. will be shopping
  4. will be cooking
  5. will be working
  6. will be flying
  7. will be driving
  8. will, be doing
  9. will be travelling

Page-44

[E]

  1. I will be going to school.
  2. I will be studying in school.
  3. I will be returning home from school.
  4. I will be eating lunch.
  5. I will be playing.
  6. I will be doing my homework.
  7. I will be watching TV.
  8. I will be sleeping.

Page-45

[C]

  1. swims
  2. loves
  3. make
  4. designs
  5. treats
  6. bats
  7. speaks
  8. earns
  9. rises

Page-46

[D]

  1. doesn’t like
  2. don’t play
  3. doesn’t go
  4. doesn’t spend
  5. doesn’t want
  6. don’t want
  7. doesn’t play
  8. doesn’t speak
  9. doesn’t have

Page-47

[B]

  1. e
  2. h
  3. f
  4. g
  5. i
  6. b
  7. d
  8. c
  9. a

Page-48

[C]

  1. ... he will pass.
  2. ... he will win the race.
  3. ... you pinch it.
  4. ... you have time, please.
  5. ... he will start a business.
  6. ... I will attend her party.
  7. ... it evaporates.
  8. ... he will have to pay for it.
  9. ... the teacher will punish you.

Page-50

[C]

  1. I watched a movie yesterday.
  2. Rabia didn’t visit me this morning.
  3. Shahjahan built the Taj Mahal between 1631 and 1648.
  4. He found a bag full of money last night.
  5. Kavita didn’t help her brother.
  6. Sachin scored a century in his first match.
  7. My mother didn’t buy any fruit last week.
  8. I ate samosas for breakfast this morning.
  9. She didn’t understand anything I said.

[D]

  1. bought
  2. didn’t have
  3. didn’t sing
  4. didn’t attend
  5. went
  6. liked
  7. refused
  8. didn’t tell
  9. injured

Page-51

[E]

  1. He didn’t buy mangoes yesterday.
  2. Payal didn’t clean her room.
  3. Arun paid attention in class.
  4. Rahul didn’t lose the game.
  5. They came to the party.
  6. Esha and Jaya didn’t lie to their mother.
  7. I brought it.
  8. She didn’t tell me a story.
  9. They didn’t fly kites.

Page-52

[B]

  1. When do you get up?
  2. What time does Manya go to school every morning?
  3. How many pairs of shoes does Wasim have?
  4. How often does Dev visit his parents?
  5. What does she know?
  6. Why does Priti drive fast?
  7. Who always comes late?
  8. What does she make?
  9. Where does he usually meet his brother?

Page-53

[D]

  1. What did you eat yesterday?
  2. When did she reach her office?
  3. Whom did Rihan meet at the wedding last week?
  4. How many friends did Karen make yesterday?
  5. How often did Jatin come to meet you when you were in Surat?
  6. Who called you yesterday?
  7. Where were you when I called you?
  8. At what time did Natasha leave for home yesterday?
  9. Why did you miss the bus?

Page-56

[C]

  1. She may be at school.
  2. Rajan may be busy.
  3. They may be late.
  4. Nita may need more money.
  5. I may buy a car.
  6. It may rain.
  7. India may win the match.
  8. Mrunal may miss her train.
  9. Chirag may not attend the wedding.

Page-57

[D]

  1. May I come in, sir?
  2. May I use your laptop, please?
  3. May I switch on the fan. please?
  4. May I use the phone. please?
  5. May I go out, sir?
  6. May I drink water?
  7. May I leave the office early?
  8. May I take this seat?
  9. May I interrupt you, please?

Page-59

[B]

  1. I can ride a horse. / I cannot ride a horse.
  2. I can swim. / I cannot swim.
  3. I can dance. / I cannot dance.
  4. I can draw. / I cannot draw.
  5. I can make sculptures. / I cannot make sculptures.
  6. I can ride a bike. / I cannot ride a bike.
  7. I can sew clothes. / I cannot sew clothes.
  8. I can bowl. / I cannot bowl.
  9. I can cook. / I cannot cook.

[C]

  1. cannot
  2. cannot
  3. can
  4. cannot
  5. can
  6. cannot
  7. cannot
  8. can
  9. can

Page-60

[B]

  1. f
  2. i
  3. h
  4. a
  5. g
  6. e
  7. c
  8. b
  9. d

Page-61

[C]

  1. you should consult a doctor.
  2. you should wear a raincoat.
  3. you should open the windows.
  4. you should call a plumber.
  5. you should take a rest.
  6. you should eat.
  7. you should drink.
  8. you should study hard.
  9. you should take medicines.

Page-62

[B]

  1. Be careful, there is water on the floor. Don’t slip.
  2. Work hard. Do your best.
  3. Take care of your health. Eat fresh food. Don’t eat junk food. Exercise regularly.
  4. Do your best, you will pass with flying colours. Do your homework regularly. Consult your teacher in case you have any doubt.
  5. Don’t cry, please. Calm down. Don’t worry, everything will be all right.
  6. Don’t drive fast, it’s dangerous. Please slow down now. Don’t overspeed. Don’t cross the speed limit.
  7. Get well soon. Take healthy food. Rest well. Avoid oily and spicy food.
  8. Please give me some information about it. Let me know the details, please.
  9. Please, keep the surroundings clean. Don’t litter here. Don’t throw rubbish here and there. Use bins.

Page-64

[B]

  1. a
  2. an
  3. a
  4. an
  5. a
  6. a
  7. an
  8. a
  9. an
  10. a

[C]

  1. a, a
  2. an, the
  3. a, an
  4. the
  5. the
  6. an, -
  7. the
  8. -, an
  9. An, a, the
  10.  -, -, -
  11. -, a
  12. a, an
  13. a, The
  14. -, -
  15. -, -
  16. the
  17. an, a
  18. the
  19. -, the
  20. the
  21. The

Page-67

[C]

  1. for
  2. since
  3. for
  4. since
  5. since
  6. for
  7. for
  8. since
  9. since

Page-68

[B]

  1. Would you tell me how to get to the nearest hospital, please?
  2. Would you help me move the furniture, please?
  3. Would you give me a lift, please?
  4. Would you turn off the fan, please?
  5. Would you make me breakfast, please mom?
  6. Would you please teach me this topic again?
  7. Would you carry my bag, please?
  8. Would you give me some time off, please?
  9. Would you buy me a new mobile, please?

Page-69

[D]

  1. she would start her own business.
  2. he would return home late in the evening.
  3. she would go to a party after the class.
  4. he would take two hours to finish that task.

Page-71

[C]

  1. e
  2. h
  3. i
  4. a
  5. g
  6. f
  7. b
  8. d
  9. c

[D]

  1. g
  2. a
  3. i
  4. e
  5. h
  6. f
  7. c
  8. b
  9. d

Page-72

[E]

  1. his sister broke his ruler.
  2. she was sick.
  3. I didn’t come on time.
  4. they missed the bus.
  5. we are busy.
  6. he attended school.
  7. I didn’t scold her.
  8. he helped me.
  9. I haven’t met her.

Page-73

[A]

set-1

  1. c
  2. a
  3. d
  4. e
  5. b

set-2

  1. d
  2. e
  3. b
  4. a
  5. c

set-3

  1. d
  2. a
  3. e
  4. c
  5. b

set-4

  1. d
  2. a
  3. b
  4. e
  5. c

set-5

  1. e
  2. c
  3. a
  4. d
  5. b

set-6

  1. c
  2. d
  3. a
  4. e
  5. b

Page-74

set-7

  1. b
  2. e
  3. d
  4. a
  5. c

set-8

  1. c
  2. e
  3. d
  4. b
  5. a
     

[B]

  • I ride a horse on my uncle’s farm.
  • She will invite her friend to her wedding.
  • Will you post this letter please?
  • You are ill so you should take care.
  • Don’t spend too much money.
  • It’s exciting to climb a mountain.
  • In a birthday party guests usually burst balloons.
  • I will take a chance and buy that share.
  • You must trim the hedge.
  • After sweeping the floor, roll the carpet.
  • Don’t skip meals, it’s not healthy.
  • I try to save time by planning my work.
  • Teacher has asked me to recite a poem in class.
  • During a festival shops usually cut prices.
  • The politician stood up to address a crowd of supporters.
  • I am to attend a meeting tomorrow.
  • Please knead some dough and roll rotis.
  • On which side do you drive a car in Europe?
  • We are sure she will pose a question at the meeting.

Nothing unusual happened that evening. Mom and Dad had been packing things since morning, with not infrequent and not-so-brief exchanges between them. Everything was as usual--expected. It’s amazing the way they get along. From time to time Mom spoke over her shoulder to me. “Steffi, have you taken your hairbrush? Don’t forget your school bag. Tell your dad he must take along his tool box. We might need it there.” Mom would have loved to carry the whole house with her.

 

“Honey, we are going only for a week!” Dad replied without expecting he’d have any effect on Mom. We left the house in our customary hurry, Granny’s last minute instructions ringing in my ears.

 

We reached the airport well in time. Mom considered it her personal achievement—reaching in time despite having a person like Dad for a husband.

 

This was my seventh trip from Los Angeles to London. My aunt—my Mom’s sister in London—is very fond of me. “Steffi, my li’l dear, you are like me—so very intelligent and beautiful.” I always wondered whether she was praising herself or me.

 

After a delay of two hours—nothing unusual about that—our flight was announced. We stood up and entered through the gate. I didn’t like the stewardess standing at the turn of the airbridge. She wasn’t smiling. I ignored her.

 

After a couple of Excuse me’s I occupied a seat by the window. I wasn’t particularly thrilled about that. I had sat by the window on four out of six flights earlier. Nothing unusual is expected on such flights—inside or outside the plane. The same stars, the same lights below, the familiar worn out smiles of the crew and the familiar doziness. Every time I travelled by air, I was only able to see a part of the wing. This time wasn’t an exception.

 

The plane was in the air. Mom and Dad fell into a deep sleep, with Mom’s head resting on Dad’s shoulder. I had tried all the entertainment channels available on the entertainment console, but I couldn’t find anything of interest. Finally, after an hour of experimenting, I settled on a channel that played soft instrumental music and I must have drifted off into a fitful sleep. Only some occasional coughs and a couple of sneezes disturbed the quiet.

 

It must have been about an hour and a half later when I heard a grating sound. I thought it was coming from the wing, a part of which I was able to see. After a minute, perhaps, another strange sound came from underneath my seat. I struggled to stand up without realising for a minute that I had a seat belt on. The grating sound was getting louder. Just as I managed to stand up, the plane tilted towards the left with a jerk, emptying the overhead luggage rack on the right on to the floor. I was hit on the head. I couldn’t decide what to do. I could neither scream nor shout. The plane was clearly in trouble. It was flying like a bus jolting along a bumpy trail through a forest.

 

Amidst the noise and jerks and jolts and chaos that convinced me I was going to die, I suddenly heard my Dad calling, ‘Steffi, come on, darling. Get ready, we are about to land. You have had a nice long sleep, haven’t you?’

 

 ‘Well, no…yes…I had a sound sleep.’ I said. ‘I heard a lot of sounds in my sleep’, I mumbled to myself, looking out of the window at the perfectly normal landing strip and airport buildings at Gatwick Airport.

 

THE END

“You have a heart of gold”. “You look great today.” “You have a lovely smile.”
How do you feel when someone says such things to you? You like them, don’t you?
Well, let’s pay compliments. Let’s find “good” things in others and tell them what you like about them. Let’s make today “better”; for you and the people around you or connected with you in some way. And please share your experience with me. 
Best wishes,
Dharmendra.
Some expressions for compliments are given below.
 
61 Ways to Pay Compliments

1. You look gorgeous/stunning/beautiful/charming!
2. You have a mellifluous voice.
3. You’ve always been my rock.
4. I admire your skills/dedication/commitment.
5. You have a vivacious personality.
6. That is an amazingly beautiful painting! You rock!
7. What a shot! I wish I knew how to play like that.
8. Your performance was just breathtaking.
9. The pizza is delicious. How did you make it?
10. You sing so melodiously. Who taught you?
11. I wish I knew how to write/sing/dress like you.
12. That's a really cute outfit.
13. Your selection is amazing.
14. I wonder how easily/effortlessly you do this.
15. You have a pretty face.
16. I love to listen to you for hours and hours.
17. You look stunning in this dress.
18. What a spiffy suit you have worn!
19. You have an amazing sense of humour.
20. Not many can do as efficiently as you do.
21. You are a sight for sore eyes. (Br Eng)
22. You have an enviable command of English.
23. You are a gifted artist.
24. I have a high regard for your commitment to quality.
25. You look pretty with your hair loose/down.
26. You are so cool—as cool as a cucumber.
27. You are the epitome of beauty.
28. You are endowed with all the qualities one craves.
29. You ooze with confidence.
30. Your smile is contagious.
31. Not a hair ruffled, what calmness!
32. What an effervescent personality!
33. You are truly indefatigable.
34. You have nerves of steel.
35. We knew we could depend on you.
36. You are a storehouse of energy.
37. You make one swoon.
38. You are a fatherly/motherly figure for your employees.
39. We can always fall back on you.
40. You are so resourceful and still so down-to-earth.
41. You’re so understanding and caring. Hats off to you.
42. You are radiating health and charm and confidence.
43. You have the gift of the gab.
44. You dance so gracefully.
45. You are a role model for many.
46. That dress becomes you.
47. That's a most becoming dress.
48. You are the life and soul of the party.
49. You look smart in this blue dress.
50. You have a captivating smile.
51. You are the picture of health / innocence.
52. You are always dressed up to the nines.
53. That beauty spot enhances your elegance.
54. I admire your calm demeanour.
55. What an elegant woman you are!
56. You have a bewitching smile.
57. You always steal the limelight / scene / show.
58. You have an angelic smile / face.
59. You’ll turn heads today—you look gorgeous.
60. You have carved out a niche for yourself in this field.
61. You have a heart of gold.
 

Many words in English look or sound alike. It’s easy to get them confused. Enjoy reading the following *vocab gems*. Do please share them with others in your circle.

  1. I *wonder* a lot when my mind starts to *wander*.
  2. I sympathise with you if the *principal* of your institute is without *principles*.
  3. It's okay if you can't speak *snacks* and *snakes* properly, but don't *snack* on *snakes*.
  4. I am totally confused about *confusibles* and *confusables*.
  5. Make a *conscious* effort to learn the difference between *cautious* and *conscientious*.
  6. I *accept* that, *except* a few like you and me, everyone *expects* more than they deserve.
  7. If you are *adept*, you will find it easy to *adapt* yourself to new environments.
  8. It seems true that *abundant* things that we possess are actually *redundant*.
  9. You are bound to face problems if your *same* and *shame* sound the same.
  10. *Aspiration* demands *perspiration*.
  11. If you are in a dilemma about how the word *dilemma* is pronounced, or if you can use *over* in place of *about* after the word *dilemma*, you aren’t alone.
  12. It is my *disinterested* advice to you that you should not be completed *uninterested* in vocabulary.
  13. I don’t think you should be *indifferent* to the difference between *differ* and *defer*.
  14. If you speak *bury* and *berry* differently, you’re making a terrible mistake.
  15. If you don’t give *assent* to my *ascent* to the presidency, you will be in trouble.
  16. What a *bizarre* incident to see a zebra in the *bazaar*!
  17. If you release the *brake* now, it will *break* someone’s leg.
  18. I don’t want to listen to your *coarse* jokes during the *course*.
  19. The *council* failed to give proper *counsel*.
  20. Taking *cue* from the long *queue*, I decided not to go to the *quay*.

Dharmendra Sheth,
Founder, Fluentlingua,
Surat

 

#IELTS #TOEFL #SpokenEnglish #CorporateTraining #Fluency#Pronunciation #EnglishClass #EnglishInSurat

Why does one read books?

Ultimately it is to understand life.

Our individual experiences are narrow. But books give us the experiences of others, often the wisest of their generation, and lift us out of our narrow ruts.

 

Gradually as we go up the mountainsides, fresh vistas come into view, our vision extends further and further, and a sense of proportion comes to us.

We are not overwhelmed by

our petty and transient loves and hates

and we see them what they are

hardly noticeable ripples

on the immense ocean of life.

This larger vision enables us to see life whole and live it well.

 

This vision and sense of proportion are essential to keep us on the right path and steady us when storms and heavy winds bear down on us.

 

There is a strange magic about good literature. This magic comes to us slowly as we make friends with good books;

and when we have begun to feel it,

we have found the key

to the wonderland of books.

They never fail us, these friends

That neither age nor change.

 

I have got more pleasure from books than from almost anything. There is only one other thing which is, in its own way more magical.

And that is music.

Literature, art, music, science—

all make our life rich and deep;

they teach us how to live.

 

Mountains of new books continue to appear.

Many of them are boomed up for a while and then forgotten.

The avalanche of books

that is descending on us

is very largely trash,

and it is not easy to separate

the chaff from the grain.

 

A lapse of period will sift the good

from the bad and the indifferent;

and a book that has survived the test of time is likely to be good, to be literature.

It is far safer to read

the famous classics of old

that have influenced thought for so long.

With that background it is easier

to exercise a wise choice in modern literature.

 

A worthwhile book deserves time and attention. Think of the pains and the great deal of thinking that the author has put behind what he has written;

and we just rush through it, and forget soon enough what we read.

 

A very good habit to develop is

to keep a notebook in which

we can jot down anything that

 

strikes us specially in a book we read. These notes help us to remember much.

It was neither the season nor the hour when the Park had frequenters; and it is likely that the young lady, who was seated on one of the benches at the side of the walk, h